1903 Dec 1, "The Great Train Robbery," the 1st Western film, was released. Edwin S. Porter, a cameraman for Thomas Edison’s production company, revived flagging interest in motion pictures with the 12-minute movie that introduced three great American traditions—editing, the chase scene and the Western. Prior to Porter’s landmark movie, moving pictures were non-narrative, with one long shot recording an actual event. The Great Train Robbery, with a series of 14 scenes of bandits robbing a railway station and ultimately paying the price for their misdeeds, developed multiple plot lines simultaneously by cutting and splicing film. Moviegoers screamed when the scene of an outlaw shooting directly into the camera was shown.
1913 Dec 1, Mary Martin, American actress famous for her roles in “South Pacific" and “The Sound of Music," was born.
1929 Dec 1, Dick Shawn, actor (Producers, Maid to Order, Angel), was born in Buffalo, NY.
1935 Dec 1, Woody Allen [Allen Stewart Konigsberg], American actor, director best known for “Annie Hall" and “Manhattan," was born.
2007 Dec 1, At the 20th annual European Film Awards in Berlin Romanian director Cristian Mungiu's "4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days" won the best film prize.